Enhancing public sector capability to make use of design
There are many initiatives taken across the world to encourage the use of a
design approach to development and innovation within public sector. In relation
to this trend there is a need to improve the understanding of how public sector
organizations develop ability to exploit design; how they develop design
capability. This is the focus of Lisa Malmberg's thesis, which through an
exploratory study has observed two initiatives aiming to introduce design and
develop design capability within healthcare and social service organizations.
One main contribution of this work is an understanding of the design capability concept based on a structured review of the use of the design capability concept in the literature. The concept has previously been used in relation to different aspects of designs in organizations.
Another important contribution is the development of an understanding for how design capability is developed based on interpretations founded in the organizational learning perspective of absorptive capacity. The study has identified how different antecedents to development of design capability have influenced this development in the two cases. The findings have identified aspects that both support and impede the development of design capability which are important to acknowledge and address when aiming to develop design capability within a public sector organization.
In both cases, the set up of the knowledge transferring efforts focus mainly on developing awareness of design. Similar patterns are seen in other prior and parallel initiatives. The findings however suggest that it is also important to ensure that the organization have access to design competence and that structures like routines, processes and culture support and enable the use of design practice, in order to make design a natural part of the continuous development work.
Analysing adaptive performance to improve safety in complex systems
To cope with variations, disturbances, and unexpected events in safety-critical
work, such as cockpit operations and crisis management, people are required to
continuously adapt to the changing environment, sometimes in novel and
innovative ways. In her thesis, Amy Rankin examines what enables and disables
successful adaptations, and how contextual factors shape performance. Examples
include a crisis command team dealing with the loss of key personnel, a crew
coping with unreliable system feedback in the cockpit, and a nursing team
managing an overload of patients.
Two main contributions of the thesis is the analysis of cases of people coping with variations and disturbances, and the development of conceptual models to report findings, structure cases, and make sense of sharp-end adaptations in complex work settings. The findings emphasise that adaptive performance outside procedures and textbook scenarios at the sharp end is a critical ability to cope with variation and unexpected events. However, the results also show that adaptations may come at the cost of new vulnerabilities and system brittleness. Analysing adaptive performance in everyday events informs safety management by making visible limitations and possibilities of system design, organisational structures, procedures, and training.
Energy-Efficiency in many-core stream processing
From Social media to scientific research, from mobile multimedia to Internet of
things, there is an overwhelming need to process more data faster, while
targetting energy sobriety. In his thesis, Nicolas Melot explores the Crown
Scheduling technique and designs the Drake programming framework in order to
build energy-efficient stream programs for many-core processors.
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