Synthesis of Queue and Priority Assignment for Asynchronous Traffic Shaping in Switched Ethernet
IEEE Real-Time Systems Sym- posium (RTSS), Paris, France, December 2017
Real-time switched Ethernet communication is of increasing importance in many cyber-physical and embedded systems application areas such as automotive electronics, avionics, and industrial control. The IEEE 802.1 Time-Sensitive Network- ing (TSN) task group develops standards for real-time Ethernet, for example a time-triggered traffic class (IEEE 802.1Qbv-2015). New application areas, such as active safety and autonomous driving using radar, lidar, and camera sensors, which do not fall into the strictly periodic, time-triggered communication model, require a flexible traffic class that can accommodate various communication models while still providing hard real- time guarantees. In our previous work, we developed such a traffic class, Urgency-Based Scheduler (UBS), and its worst- case latency analysis. UBS is currently under standardization (P802.1Qcr) in the TSN task group. In this paper, we introduce and solve the UBS synthesis problem of assigning hard real- time data flows to queues and priority levels to queues, the main parameters that determine communication latencies. The synthesis problem is particularly challenging due to the flexibility offered by UBS to aggregate flows and assign individual priority levels per network hop. We present an SMT approach, a cluster- based heuristic, and an extensive experimental evaluation.
[SS17] J. Specht, Soheil Samii, "Synthesis of Queue and Priority Assignment for Asynchronous Traffic Shaping in Switched Ethernet", IEEE Real-Time Systems Sym- posium (RTSS), Paris, France, December 2017