Hide menu
Testsida Transmap2


  1. The grammar displays associations between English and Swedish word strings. An association has the general format:

    English_expression   Swedish_expression

    The expressions contain references to concrete word strings, symbols representing sets of word strings, symbols representing boundaries, symbols representing inflections, and symbols referring to material outside the boundaries. A complete list of symbols with explanations can be found further down the page.
  2. The scope of an association may be
    • Any word string, i.e., a complete sentence
    • A clause,
    • A phrase,
    • A word
  3. The associations are directed. This means that they can be applied in the direction from English to Swedish, but there is no claim that they can be applied in the opposite direction.
  4. The associations state possible but not necessary translations. A given English word string can often be analysed in terms of the left hand side of several associations. However, the heuristic rule that more specific expressions take precedence can be applied, and, when overlapping expressions occur under the same heading, the more specific ones are listed before the less specific ones.
  5. If the symbol X occurs in an English expression, the symbol X' in an associated Swedish expression represents the translation of X.


To the associations.


A list of symbols used in expressions
A Adjectivebig/stor, ...
Ax Adjectiveright/rätt, wrong/fel, same/samma, next/nästa, following/följande, ...
Ay Adjectivefirst/första, second/andra, ...
N Noun  
X1, X2The first and second instance
of the same category
the N1 of the N2
- Compound marker N1-N2
[ ] Phrase boundaries  
{ } Required inflection  
... Arbitrary word string  
/ Introduces a context expression
as a condition
__ Current phrase in a context expression  
OBJ( )Role expression  

Page responsible: Lars Ahrenberg
Last updated: 2005-06-07