Context-Aware Speculative Prefetch for Soft Real-Time Applications
International Conference on Embedded and Real-Time Computing Systems and Applications (RTCSA 2012), Seoul, Korea, August 19-22, 2012.
Dynamically reconfigurable computing devices have the ability to adapt their hardware to application demands, providing the performance of hardware acceleration, as well as high flexibility, at competitive costs. For these reasons, FPGA-based reconfigurable systems are becoming popular in many application domains, including soft real-time computing. Unfortunately, one of their biggest limitations is the high reconfiguration overhead. One method to overcome this problem is configuration prefetching, which tries to reduce the reconfiguration penalty by preloading modules on the FPGA before they are needed, and overlapping the reconfiguration with useful computation. In this paper we present a speculative approach to context-aware inter-procedural configuration prefetching that provides statistical guarantees by minimizing the alpha-percentile of the execution time distribution of a soft real-time application. Our method uses profile information and takes into account the calling context of a procedure in order to generate better prefetch solutions. We also propose a middleware needed to apply the context-dependent prefetches at run-time. Our experiments show that the developed algorithm outperforms the previous state-of-art.
[LEP12] Adrian Lifa, Petru Eles, Zebo Peng, "Context-Aware Speculative Prefetch for Soft Real-Time Applications", International Conference on Embedded and Real-Time Computing Systems and Applications (RTCSA 2012), Seoul, Korea, August 19-22, 2012.